What Frequencies do Walkie Talkies use?

Today, smartphones and other mobile devices are used for communication. Accordingly, the use of Everyman Radio has decreased. Nevertheless, there are numerous frequencies available for communication with radio devices. In this article, I will explain which frequencies are used by walkie-talkies today and which ones are available beyond that.

 

Short Answer

Modern walkie-talkies in the USA nowadays usually use FRS (Family Radio Service). This is a license-free radio application with 22 channels in the range from 462.5625 MHz to 462.7250 MHz. The maximum transmission power is limited to 0.5 watts or 2 watts depending on the channel.
Furthermore GMRS (General Mobile Radio Service) with a frequency of 462.5625 MHz to 462.7250 MHz is available. A license is required for the use of GMRS. However, it is possible to transmit with a higher power of up to 50 Watt on 30 different channels.


Long Answer

In the “short answer”, I have already explained that walkie-talkies for private use can usually communicate in a frequency range from 462.5625 MHz to 462.7250 MHz. Also, there are other radio applications with which walkie-talkies communicate. I would like to introduce all of them to you now and explain their most important features.

 

FRS

The FRS (Family Radio Service) is a radio service that uses 22 channels in the UHF band. These are in the frequency range from 462.5625 MHz to 462.7250 MHz. The maximum power output is 2 watts (channels 1 to 7 and 15 to 22) or 0.5 watts (channels 8 to 14). No license is required to operate walkie talkies with FRS. However, you must follow the rules of the FCC.
In the following table, all FRS channels are listed with the corresponding frequencies:

ChannelFrequencyEIRP Restriction
1462.5625 MHzUp to 2 Watt
2462.5875 MHzUp to 2 Watt
3462.6125 MHzUp to 2 Watt
4462.6375 MHzUp to 2 Watt
5462.6625 MHzUp to 2 Watt
6462.6875 MHzUp to 2 Watt
7462.7125 MHzUp to 2 Watt
8467.5625 MHzUp to 0.5 Watt
9467.5875 MHzUp to 0.5 Watt
10467.6125 MHzUp to 0.5 Watt
11467.6375 MHzUp to 0.5 Watt
12467.6625 MHzUp to 0.5 Watt
13467.6875 MHzUp to 0.5 Watt
14467.7125 MHzUp to 0.5 Watt
15462.5500 MHzUp to 2 Watt
16462.5750 MHzUp to 2 Watt
17462.6000 MHzUp to 2 Watt
18462.6250 MHzUp to 2 Watt
19462.6500 MHzUp to 2 Watt
20462.6750 MHzUp to 2 Watt
21462.7000 MHzUp to 2 Watt
22462.7250 MHzUp to 2 Watt

Read more about FRS here: Does FRS require a License?

 

GMRS

GMRS (General Mobile Radio Service) is a radio application that uses channels in the frequency range from approximately 462 MHz to 467 MHz. GMRS is mainly used for data transmissions over short distances, such as with a walkie talkie.
An FCC license is required to use GMRS. The license is issued for 10 years. To obtain it, you must be at least 18 years old.
The following table shows you all channels and frequencies of GMRS:

ChannelFrequencyEIRP RestrictionBandwith
1462.5625 MHzUp to 5 Watts20 kHz
2462.5875 MHzUp to 5 Watts20 kHz
3462.6125 MHzUp to 5 Watts20 kHz
4462.6375 MHzUp to 5 Watts20 kHz
5462.6625 MHzUp to 5 Watts20 kHz
6462.6875 MHzUp to 5 Watts20 kHz
7462.7125 MHzUp to 5 Watts20 kHz
8467.5625 MHzUp to 0.5 Watt12.5 kHz
9467.5875 MHzUp to 0.5 Watt12.5 kHz
10467.6125 MHzUp to 0.5 Watt12.5 kHz
11467.6375 MHzUp to 0.5 Watt12.5 kHz
12467.6625 MHzUp to 0.5 Watt12.5 kHz
13467.6875 MHzUp to 0.5 Watt12.5 kHz
14467.7125 MHzUp to 0.5 Watt12.5 kHz
15462.5500 MHzUp to 50 Watts20 kHz
16462.5750 MHzUp to 50 Watts20 kHz
17462.6000 MHzUp to 50 Watts20 kHz
18462.6250 MHzUp to 50 Watts20 kHz
19462.6500 MHzUp to 50 Watts20 kHz
20462.6750 MHzUp to 50 Watts20 kHz
21462.7000 MHzUp to 50 Watts20 kHz
22462.7250 MHzUp to 50 Watts20 kHz
23467.5500 MHzUp to 50 Watts20 kHz
24467.5750 MHzUp to 50 Watts20 kHz
25467.6000 MHzUp to 50 Watts20 kHz
26467.6250 MHzUp to 50 Watts20 kHz
27467.6500 MHzUp to 50 Watts20 kHz
28467.6750 MHzUp to 50 Watts20 kHz
29467.7000 MHzUp to 50 Watts20 kHz
30467.7250 MHzUp to 50 Watts20 kHz

 

PMR446

PMR446 is now a kind of quasi-standard for privately used walkie-talkies. The abbreviation denotes an application for public address radio in the EU and UK. PMR446 analogously transmits speech. DMR446 is the digital counterpart to PMR446.

The channel raster is 12.5 kHz, the maximum transmission power is 0.5 watts, and a transmission cycle must not last longer than 180 seconds. A total of 16 channels with the corresponding frequencies are available for communication, which you can see in the table below:

ChannelFrequency
1446.00625 MHz
2446.01875 MHz
3446.03125 MHz
4446.04375 MHz
5446.05625 MHz
6446.06875 MHz
7446.08125 MHz
8446.09375 MHz
9446.10625 MHz
10446.11875 MHz
11446.13125 MHz
12446.14375 MHz
13446.15625 MHz
14446.16875 MHz
15446.18125 MHz
16446.19375 MHz

PMR446 may not be used in the USA, Canada, and Australia as it is assigned to amateur radio operators and military radar systems.

 

UHF

UHF stands for Ultra High Frequency. This frequency band ranges from 300 MHz to 3,000 MHz. At Business radios in Uk, UHF is used over a range from 400 MHz to 470 MHz.

 

VHF

VHF is the abbreviation for Very High Frequency. This frequency band usually ranges from 30 MHz to 300 MHz and is used at sea, among other things. For example, frequencies between 136 MHz and 174 MHz are used for communication between ships.
VHF is also used by business radios in the UK, which use the same frequency ranges as for communication between ships.

 

Other Frequencies

Other frequencies you should know are the Citizens Band Radio Service (CBRS) and the Multi-Use Radio Service (MURS). However, these two are rarely used, so I will not introduce them further. The most important thing you need to know about them is that they have similar functionality to GMRS and FRS.


Conclusion – Walkie Talkie Frequency

The frequency you can use with a walkie talkie depends on your device, the country you are in, and whether you have a license. There are also differences between UHF and VHF, as you have learned in the text.
I hope that I was able to help you. If you have any questions or suggestions, please feel free to comment. 🙂

 

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